On May 10th, 2021, the Council of EU adopted a regulation for the upgrade of the EU system on export controls of dual-use items ("NewDual-UseRegulation"). Purpose of the New Dual-Use Regulation is to strengthen controls on a wider range of dual-use goods, assuring a more effective enforcement of such controls throughout EU. Once effective, the New Dual-Use Regulation will replace the Regulation (EC) n. 428/2009.
In the current scenario, Regulation (EC) n. 428/2009 requires a pre-authorization in order for the operators to export, broker, and transfer dual-use items. The New Dual-Use Regulation aims at modernizing the provisions on dual-use items in light of the latest technological innovations, by encompassing also emerging dual-use technologies (such as, cyber-surveillance items), as well as by imposing control on further actives performed by operators on dual-use items (such as, the technical assistance).
The New Dual-Use Regulation will impose greater obligations on the operators. In particular, it will:
(a)introduce export controls for cyber-surveillance items, also in order to prevent potential violations of human rights committed through digital surveillance systems; and
(b)strength the role of companies, by introducing due diligence obligations for producers aimed at identifying dual-use related risks; and
(c)enlarge the definition of "exporter", by including also natural persons carrying dual-use items in their personal luggage; and
(d)improve the coordination between Member States and the EU Commission on export controls.
Anyway, the New Dual-Use Regulation highlights the need to reduce administrative burdens on SMEs, by introducing certain general export authorizations, ensuring – however – an appropriate level of control.
Once signed by the EU Parliament and the Council, the New Dual-Use Regulation will be published in the EU Official Journal and enter into force ninety days later.